A brief description of the programs
Although the study of cognition has been going on for over two thousand years, Cognitive Science as a recognized academic subject is relatively new. Around 1975, it developed from converging research approaches in different subjects, namely philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, and artificial intelligence research (as part of computer science). First, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research programs were set up, then extended research subjects and research centers were established, and finally whole courses of study, as well as faculties were founded. While the US, Great Britain and Canada have been leading this development, the whole of Europe is increasingly catching up.
The Bachelor, Master and PhD programs in Osnabrück are the first substantial Cognitive Science programs offered in Germany. Within the largely method-oriented six-semester Bachelor Program, students will be able to obtain a "Bachelor of Science" in Cognitive Science. The four-semester Master Program treats phenomenological areas of cognition theoretically, empirically and by way of implementation. At the end of the Master Program, the students can obtain a "Master of Science" degree in Cognitive Science. The PhD Program is a curricular program enabling students to achieve a "Ph.D in Cognitive Science" within three years. Doctorate students carry out independent research in promising and highly active areas of Cognitive Science.
Being an international course of study advertised and supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and supported by the Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology (BMBF), Cognitive Science aims at attracting an equal number of German and foreign students, employs the Bachelor and Master degrees, and the ECTS credit system which make the program internationally comparable . The language of instruction is English. Foreign students who wish to study in Germany are given an opportunity to do so, while at the same time the course of study covers an obvious need in Germany.
The methodological approach of Cognitive Science clearly reveals the interdisciplinary heritage of the subject: Cognitive Science combines the humanistic and analytical methods of the arts and the formal sciences (e.g. theoretical linguistics) with the scientific, experimental approaches of psychology and neuroscience, as well as with the synthetic and constructive techniques of computer science. A case in point is natural language understanding: Based on linguistic theories of grammar, it tests psycholinguistic hypotheses of human language processing by means of experiment. Furthermore, it leads to the development of simulation models with the help of programming techniques derived from computational linguistics and based on results obtained by artificial intelligence ("cognitive modelling").
Considering the fact that particularly German Cognitive Science is still characterized by a separation into various camps of "cognitive modellists", "experimentalists" and "neuroscientists", it is of great importance to the new course of study and highly advantageous to the course profile to focus on the mutual complementation and possible integration of these approaches. The study programs aim comprise the acquisition of methodological and practical competence in
- computer science and mathematics (especially: algorithms and programming languages; formal languages; mathematical foundations of cognitive science; artificial intelligence, including knowledge representation,
- learning, planning, multiagent systems)
- psychology (especially: methodology of empirical research; cognitive psychology; personality psychology, behavioral psychology; developmental psychology; neuropsychology)
- neuroscience and biology (especially: imaging methods; neurobiology; neuroanatomy; neuroethology; neurocomputing)
- linguistics and psycholinguistics (especially: lexicon, syntax, semantics, pragmatics; theory of grammar)
- philosophy (especially: philosophy of mind; theory of knowledge, theory of science, philosophical logic; ethics)
In addition, the Master Program includes specialization with regard to the contributing disciplines or the central questions of Cognitive Science. It also places emphasis on integration and practice of the analysis and modelling of cognitive systems through project-related work (obligatory participation in a one-year students' project).
Accreditation and Professorships
The interdisciplinary Institute of Cognitive Science was established in June 2001 and officially inaugurated in November 2002. It was developed from the Institute for Semantic Information Analysis, which had existed since 1993.
"Perspectives for an Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Osnabrück"
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Claus R. Rollinger's (former Director of the Institute) speech on the occasion of the official inauguration of the Institute of Cognitive Science.
The following professorships belong to the Institute:
- Artificial Intelligence: Prof. Dr. Kai-Uwe Kühnberger
- Bio-inspired Computer Vision: Prof. Dr. Gunther Heidemann
- Cognitive Modeling: N.N.
- Comparative Bio-Cognition: Dr. rer. nat. Simone Pika
- Computational Neuroscience: N.N.
- Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: Prof. Dr. Rainer Mühlhoff
- Machine Learning: Prof. Dr. Tim Kietzmann
- Natural Language Processing: Prof. Dr. Elia Bruni
- Neurobiopsychology: Prof. Dr. Peter König
- Neuroinformatics: Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Gordon Pipa
- Philosophy of Cognition: Prof. Dr. Achim Stephan
- Philosophy of Mind: Prof. Dr. Sven Walter
- Psycho-/Neurolinguistics: N.N.
- Work and Organizational Psychology apl. Prof. Dr. Kai-Christoph Hamborg
- Neurobiology: Prof. Dr. Roland Brandt
- Knowledge-Based Systems: Prof. Dr. Joachim Hertzberg
- Philosophy and Ethics of Technology: Dr. Saskia Nagel
Research at the Institute is aimed primarily at questions of higher cognitive functions - on the one hand, as pure research on an interdisciplinary level with an interest in more comprehensive scientific knowledge, i. e. overlapping the traditional disciplines. At the same time, however, our research is aimed at creating technologies innovatively and competently, which can serve a modern information society (see Research).
The members of the Institute teach in the following programs:
- Cognitive Science Bachelor Program
- Cognitive Science Master Program
- Cognitive Science Doctorate Program
In January 2003, the Bachelor and the Master Programs were evaluated by the "Zentrale Evaluations- und Akkreditierungsagentur Hannover" (ZEvA) (Akkreditierungsbescheid). Both programs were re-evaluated in 2011 by "Agentur für Qualitätssicherung durch Akkreditierung von Studiengängen" (AQAS) (certification document).